Cancelación de eco y simulación de vibración para altavoces inteligentes

28 de octubre de 2022 por
Cancelación de eco y simulación de vibración para altavoces inteligentes
WCE - Worldwide Components for Electronics, S.L., Ivan Serra

To clearly recognize the commands from hosts’ voices is important for a smart-home device, especially a smart speaker which plays music at the same time, and when talking to people on Internet, the capability of echo cancellation allows smooth communications. Both functions rely on the high quality of receiving path through the microphone. The quality will be significantly impacted if the vibrations of the device’s walls and/or components are conducted from working speakers to microphones.

We can build the simulation model to predict the situation and then give solutions to prevent it in the early design stage. Figure 1 shows a smart speaker which designs with four array microphones.

Figure 1 shows a smart speaker which designs with four array microphones

The simulation results indicate that there are significant vibrations at 71Hz which will impact the receiving quality of the microphones. Figure 2 shows the initial result of the simulation (the area of red color has the highest displacements (vibrations) and blue is the opposite.



Figure 2 shows the initial result of the simulation, the red color indicates high displacement, and the blue indicates low

There are two solutions KS suggests to deal with the situation. The first one is to directly modify the plastic walls to stiffer materials. The example here is to use ABSPC to replace the original ABS for all devices’ plastic walls. Figure 3 shows the simulation results, the vibrations are efficiently suppressed.




In figure 3, the simulation results show the vibrations are efficiently suppressed

Another solution is to add ribs for strengthening the stiffness of the walls. Figure 4 shows where the ribs are added.




Figure 4 shows where the ribs are added

Simulating the model after adding the ribs, the result shown in figure 5 indicates the vibrations are suppressed and not able to conduct to the microphones.




Figure 5, the simulation results after adding the ribs

Using proper tools to predict the designing issues and solve them as early as possible during the development can save time and costs, and strengthen the power of competition.

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